|Apa Itu KBAT | Perbandingan Teori Berkaitan KBAR dan KBAT|
Perbandingan Teori Berkaitan KBAR dan KBAT Dalam Matematik
Kemahiran Berfikir Aras Rendah (KBAR)
Kemahiran Berfikir Aras Tinggi (KBAT)
|“Lower-order thinking (LOT) is often characterized by the recall of information or the application of concepts or knowledge to familiar situations and contexts”. Resnick (1987)||Characterized higher-order thinking (HOT) as “non-algorithmic.”
|LOT tasks requires a student “… to recall a fact, perform a simple operation, or solve a familiar type of problem. It does not require the student to work outside the familiar” Schmalz (1973)||“The use of complex, non-algorithmic thinking to solve a task in which there is not a predictable, well-rehearsed approach or pathway explicitly suggested by the task, task instruction, or a worked out example.” Stein and Lane (1996)|
|“LOT is involved when students are solving tasks where the solution requires applying a well-known algorithm, often with no justification, explanation, or proof required, and where only a single correct answer is possible”.
Senk, Beckman, & Thompson (1997)
|“HOT as solving tasks where no algorithm has been taught, where justification or explanation are required, and where more than one solution may be possible”. Senk, et al (1997)|
|“LOT as solving tasks while working in familiar situations and contexts; or, applying algorithms already familiar to the student”. Thompson (2008)||“HOT involves solving tasks where an algorithm has not been taught or using known algorithms while working in unfamiliar contexts or situations”.
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